## Ders Kataloğu

##### Son Güncelleme:

13/09/2024 - 19:02

## Course Code |
## Course Name |
## Credit |
## ECTS Credit |
## Laboratory Credit |
## Theory Credit |
## Description |
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2300101 | PHYSICS FOR NON-SCIENTISTS I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Physical quantities; vectors and scalars; static equilibrium; uniformly accelerated motion; Newton`s laws; work and energy; conservation of energy; linear momentum; impulse; collisions; angular motion; Newton`s law of gravitation; rotational work, energy, and momentum; mechanical properties of matter. |

2300102 | PHYSICS FOR NON-SCIENTISTS II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Static electricity, interaction of charges, electric field, electric potential, electric current and circuits, magnetism, Faradays law of induc-tion, electromagnetic waves, light and optics. |

2300105 | GENERAL PHYSICS I | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Vectors; kinematics; particle dynamics work and energy; conservation of energy; system of particles; collisions; rotational motion; oscillations. |

2300106 | GENERAL PHYSICS II | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Electric charge; electric field; Gauss` law, electric potential; capacitance; current and resistance; circuits; magnetic field; Ampere`s law; Faraday`s law of induction; electro-magnetic oscillations; alternating currents. |

2300107 | PHYSICS LABORATORY I | 2 | 5 | 2 | 1 | Experimental Studies of Mechanics. |

2300108 | PHYSICS LABORATORY II | 2 | 5 | 2 | 1 | Experimental studies of electricity and magnetism. |

2300109 | MECHANICS | 5 | 15 -- 2 | 0 | 5 | Vectors, translational kinematics and dynamics work and energy, system of particles, rotational kinematics and dynamics, equilibrium, gravitation oscillations, waves, fluid mechanics, statistical mechanics, heat and thermodynamics. |

2300110 | ELECTROMAGNETISM | 5 | 15 -- 2 | 0 | 5 | Electric field and Gauss law, electric potentials capacitors, current and DC circuits, magnetic field, magnetic field due to currents, induction, magnetism of matter, Maxwell`s equations, electromagnetic oscillations and AC circuits, electromagnetic waves. |

2300111 | PHYSICS I (MECHANICS) | 5 | 6 | 2 | 4 | Fundamental principles and theories of mechanics; translational motion; rotational motion; gravitation; oscillations. |

2300112 | PHYSICS II (ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM) | 5 | 6 | 2 | 4 | Electric charge, Coulomb`s law, electric field and Gauss`s law, electric potential and electric potential energy, capacitance and capacitors, current and resistance, circuits and loop theorems, magnetic field and Ampere`s law, Faraday`s law of induction, alternating currents, Maxwell`s equations, electromagnetic oscillations and waves. |

2300181 | BASIC PHYSICS I | 5 | 5 | 2 | 4 | Physics and measurement; vector and scalar quantities; describing motion: one dimensional motion; two dimensional motion; motion and force: dynamics; circular motion; work and energy; conservation of energy; linear momentum; rotational motion; static equilibrium and elasticity; vibrations and waves; sound. |

2300182 | BASIC PHYSICS II | 5 | 5 | 2 | 4 | Electric charge and electric field; electric potential and electric potential energy; electric currents; DC circuits and instruments; magnetism; electromagnetic induction andd Faraday`s law; electromagnetic waves; semiconductors, diodes and transistors. |

2300200 | BASICS OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTATION | 3 | 5 | 2 | 2 | Conducting basic computer-based tasks such as document preparation, plotting graphs, analysis and presentation of errors that may arise from computation as well as more complex ones such as converting a problem into an algorithm and solving it using a computer language. |

2300202 | MODERN PHYSICS | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Special theory of relativity; particle properties of waves; wave properties of particles; Atomic structure; elementary quantum mechanics; many electron atoms; nuclear structure and radioactivity. |

2300203 | INTRODUCTORY ELECTRONICS I | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | DC circuit analysis: branch, mesh and node analysis, and the superposition, Thevenin and Norton theorems; Phasers and complex numbers; AC circuit analysis using the same methods used in DC circuits; Power and energy; RLC circuits; Transformers; Diodes and transistors, and their applications; Intro-duction to digital electronics; Transducers. |

2300209 | MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS I | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Ordinary differential equations; boundary value problems and characteristic function representations; Fourier transforms; partial differential equations and the methods separation of variables. |

2300210 | MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS II | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Vector analysis; orthogonal curvilinear coordinates; functions of a complex variable. |

2300213 | GENERAL PHYSICS III | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Temperature, heat and laws of thermodynamics. Thermal expansion, ideal gases, kinetic theory of gases. The wave nature of light, diffraction, interference, polarization and related phenomena. Special theory of relativity. Early quantum theory and atomic models, introduction to quantum mechanics. Time-independent Schrodinger,s equation and application to simple potentials. |

2300221 | OPTICS AND WAVES | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Introduction; geometrical optics; matrix methods in paraxial optics; aberrations; optical instrumentation and the optics of the eye. superposition of waves; interference of light; coherence; polarization; Fraunhofer diffraction. |

2300222 | OPTICS AND WAVES LABORATORY | 3 | 5 | 4 | 1 | Various experiments on mechanical oscillations, properties of light, geometrical and physical optics, optical properties of matter. Labaratoryteractice |

2300251 | PROPERTIES OF MATTER I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | States of matter; classes of materials; atomic bonding; structural properties of matter; X-ray diffraction; experimental diffraction methods; imperfections in solids; atom movements and diffusion; mechanical properties of matter; electrical properties of matter; semiconductors. |

2300252 | PROPERTIES OF MATTER II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Electrical properties; semiconductors; semiconducting devices; thermal properties; phase diagrams; magnetic properties; optical properties, transport properties, super-conductivity. |

2300260 | PHYSICS OF SPORTS AND GAMES | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Fundamental ideas and concepts of physics are reviewed and applied to a large number of sports and games. Some demonstrations will be performed. |

2300283 | OPTICS AND MODERN PHYSICS | 4 | 5 | 0 | 4 | Optics: ray model of light; reflection and refraction; mirrors; thin lenses, simple optical instruments, waves, interference, diffraction, polarization. Modern Physics: special theory of relativity, particle properties of waves, wave properties of particles, Bohr model of atoms; introduction to quantum mechanics, nucleus and radioactivity. |

2300300 | QUANTUM PHYSICS | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Historical experiments and theories; the postulates of quantum mechanics; function spaces and Hermitian operators; superposition and computable observables; time development; conservation theorems and parity; one-dimensional problems; bound and unbound states. |

2300305 | ANALOG ELECTRONICS | 4 | 5 | 2 | 3 | Operational amplifiers; feedback; signal processing circuits; power supplies; waveform generators; contemporary semiconductor devices; complex measurement systems. |

2300306 | DIGITAL ELECTRONICS | 4 | 5 | 2 | 3 | Number systems and Boolean algebra; logic gates and their applications; memory elements; counters, registers and readout systems; A/D and D/A converters; microprocessors. |

2300307 | APPLIED MODERN PHYSICS | 3 | 6 | 4 | 1 | Several experiments in modern physics. Labaratoryteractice |

2300308 | EXPERIMENTS IN PHYSICS | 3 | 6 | 4 | 1 | Selected experiments in various areas of physics, designed to familiarize the student with experimental techniques and laboratory instruments. Labaratoryteractice |

2300312 | ELEMENTARY CONDENSED MATTER PHYS. | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Crystalline state; interatomic bonding; lattice vibrations and thermal properties; free electron theory of metals; band structure. |

2300318 | PHYSICS OF FLUIDS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Properties of fluids; molecular structure and the continuum hypothesis; the fundamental law of viscosity; pressure variation in static compressible and incompressible fluids; description of fluid motion using Lagrangian and Eulerian methods; principle of mass conservation and Bernouilli`s equation; analysis of rotational and potential flows; stream function, velocity potential and Cauchy-Riemann conditions. |

2300328 | NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND PARTICLES | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Nuclear properties and nuclear models; alpha, beta and gamma decays; the Mössbauer effect; excited states of nuclei; fission and fusion; elementary particles; nucleon forces; fundamental interactions and conservation laws; hyper charge and quarks; isospin; pions and muons. |

2300331 | ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY I | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Principles of electrostatics and magnetostatics. |

2300332 | ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Fundamentals of electrodynamics. |

2300335 | CLASSICAL MECHANICS I | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Newtonian mechanics with the use of an advanced calculus. |

2300336 | CLASSICAL MECHANICS II | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Essential principles of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation of classical systems. |

2300343 | INTRODUCTORY COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR PHYSICISTS | 3 | 5 | 2 | 2 | Introduction to the use of compiled and pre-compiled computer languages in basic problems in Physics. |

2300353 | PHYSICS OF ENERGY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Introduction to basic energy principles and thermodynamics, descriptions of various forms of energy, energy resources and fundamental physical principles of various energy processes, physics in energy technologies, energy production, storage and transmission. |

2300360 | SCIENCE IN HISTORY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Development of science and technology, and their effects on human society. |

2300400 | SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN PHYSICS | 3 | 6 | 2 | 2 | One-term short research project to give practical experience. |

2300402 | NUCLEAR PHYSICS I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | General properties of the nucleus, nuclear force and two-nucleon systems; models of nuclear structure; nuclear decay and radioactivity: alpha, beta and gamma decay. |

2300403 | NUCLEAR PHYSICS II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Nuclear reactions; nuclear fission; nuclear fusion; fundamental interactions in nuclei: nucleon structure, the strong interaction, the electroweak interaction; nuclear astrophysics. |

2300404 | NUCLEAR ELECTRONICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Nuclear radiation and its detection; detectors and equivalent circuits; pulse electronics and processing circuits; gamma-ray spectroscopy and other applications. |

2300407 | PARTICLE PHYSICS I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Introduction to particles; discoveries of particles; classification of particles and their interactions; relativistic kinematics; measurement techniques, accelerators, detectors; introduction to Feynman calculus. |

2300408 | PARTICLE PHYSICS II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Quantum electrodynamics; the Feynman rules for QED; Parton model; Bjorken scaling; quantum chromodynamics and color forces; weak interactions of leptons and quarks; electroweak unification; introduction to gauge theories. |

2300409 | PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Energy bands, p-n junctions, Fermi surfaces, electron dynamics in external fields, optical properties, dielectric properties, magnetic properties. |

2300410 | PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Superconductivity, review of magnetic properties, magnetic resonance, Masers and Lasers, devices, defect and alloys. |

2300415 | PROJECTS IN PHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 6 | 0 | Small research and development projects under the supervision of a faculty member. Term ProjectPractice |

2300417 | PRIN.OF MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENT. I | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Special purpose circuitry for sensors, computer interfacing, GPIB interface system, data acquisition, principles of sensors, temperature sensors, pressure sensors, motion and acceleration sensors. LabaratorytePractice |

2300418 | PRIN.OF MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENT.II | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Fundamentals of light detectors. Photoconductors, photodiodes, and solar cells. Semiconductor UV light detectors. p-i-n detectors for visible light. Schottky type infrared detectors. Charge Couple Devices (CCD) for imaging. Semiconductor x-ray sensors. Gas sensors. Humidity sensors, Biosensors, Sound sensors and ultrasonic measurement systems. LabaratorytePractice |

2300419 | INTRODUCTION TO PHOTONICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS I | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Maxwell`s Equations; the planar slab waveguide, step-index circular waveguides, dispersion, graded-index waveguides, attenuation and nonlinear effects. |

2300420 | INTRODUCTION TO PHOTONICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS II | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | The beam propapation method, coupled mode theory and application, coupling between optical sources and waveguides, noise and dedection, optical detectors, optical radiation and amplification, fiber-optic sensors. |

2300425 | INTRODUCTION TO LASER PHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Basic principles of laser light; properties of laser and physical background of production; laser resonators, mirrors and modes; the types of lasers; solid-state lasers, gas lasers, liquid lasers, semiconductor lasers and lasers to come. |

2300426 | LASERS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Laser principles and properties; laser spectroscopy; measurement with laser; isotope separation with laser; laser fusion; LIDAR; laser communications; laser as a heat source; holography. |

2300427 | INTRODUCTION TO PLASMA PHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Definition of plasma, plasma frequency, gyro frequency, Debye length, Orbit theory; plasmas as fluids; waves in plasmas; CMA diagram; diffusion and resistivity in weakly ionized gates. |

2300428 | INTRODUC. TO MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Ideal MHD equations; single and two fluid equations; equilibrium and stability; equations of kinetic theory; derivation of fluid equations; Landau damping; nonlinear plasma physics; shock waves; parametric instabilities. |

2300429 | STATISTICAL MECHANICS | 4 | 10 | 0 | 4 | The macroscopic and microscopic states; statistical basis of thermodynamics; proba-bility concept; quantum and statistical nature of probability; elements of ensemble theory; macrocanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles quantum and classical statistics; Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein systems, and some other applications. |

2300430 | STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Characteristic features of macroscopic systems, introduction to concept of ensembles, states accessible to a closed system; thermal interaction, entropy and temperature, mec-hanical and diffusive interactions, canonical ensembles and its applications, introduction to Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics. |

2300431 | QUANTUM MECHANICS I | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | Postulates of quantum mechanics; Dirac delta function and Dirac notation; the Schrödinger equation in three-dimensions; angular momentum; the radial equation; the hydrogen atom; interaction of electrons with electro-magnetic field; operators, matrices, and spin; the addition of angular momenta; time-independent perturbation theory. |

2300432 | QUANTUM MECHANICS II | 4 | 6 | 0 | 4 | The real hydrogen atom; atomic and molecular structure; time dependent perturbation theory; radiation; radiation; collision theory. |

2300434 | MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS III | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Series; calculus of variations; integral transforms: integral equations; Green`s function. |

2300435 | INT. TO NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYS.& CHAO I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Systems of first order differential equations; classification of fixed points; flows on a circle; bifurcations; phase portraits; limit cycles; Poincarè-Bendixson theorem; closed orbits and periodic motion; Lienard systems. |

2300436 | INT.TO NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYS.& CHAO II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Hopf bifurcations and spontaneous symmetry breakdown; hysteresis in driven oscillators; coupled oscillators and quasiperiodicity; Lorenz equations; chaos on a strange attractor; one-dimensional maps; Liapunov exponents; universality; renormalization group equations; self similarity and fractals. |

2300437 | PRACTICAL QUANTUM COMPUTING FOR SCIENTISTS | 3 | 5 | 2 | 2 | This course is a hands-on introduction to the use of Quantum Computers with a focus on basic sciences. Students will learn concepts such as Quantum Fourier transform, Quantum Walk Algorithms, Hamiltonian Simulation, Common error channels and Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation, Quantum Machine Learning and Other paradigms in Quantum computing (Quantum cluster state model, Bosonic sampling, etc.) |

2300439 | PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Main processes and systems for the production of integrated circuits. |

2300440 | PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Junction effects; minority injection; transport phenomena; recombination-generation mechanism; tunneling; a.c equivalent circuit; breakdown of a junction; light absorption and emission of a semiconductor. |

2300443 | COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS I | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Errors; distributions; interpolation techniques; linear system of equations; numerical quadrature; estimation of mean and errors; linear least square minimization and data fitting; maximum likelihood; goodness of fit. |

2300444 | COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS II | 4 | 6 | 2 | 3 | Numerical solution techniques of nonlinear equations and ordinary differential equations; optimization and non-linear least squares; simulation and random numbers; time series analysis and Fourier techniques; method of finite differences; partial differential equations. |

2300448 | INTRO.TO STOCHASTIC PROCESSES IN PHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Fundamental concepts of stochastic processes; special processes in physics; Brownian motion, Fokker Planck equation; diffusion; noise. |

2300450 | HEALTH PHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Atomic and nuclear structure, radioactivity, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation detection and measurement, radiation dosimetry, biological effects of ionizing radiation, radiation protection and non-ionizing radiation. |

2300455 | INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM INFORMATION THEORY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | An overview of quantum information. A review of classical information theory. Foundations of quantum mechanics from a quantum information point of view. Quantum entanglement and its uses. Entropy. |

2300471 | SOLAR ENERGY I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Measurements and estimations of solar radiation; calculation of solar energy reaching inclined surfaces; fundamentals of heat transfer and applications to solar energy; low temperature solar energy conversion; solar heating and cooling; energy storage; economical aspects; special topics. |

2300481 | SPECIAL RELATIVITY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Galilean relativity and absolute motion in space; Axiomatic formulation of special relativity; Minkowski spacetime; Lorentz transformations and physical consequences; Covariant formulations of relativistic mechanics, Optics and electrodynamics. |

2300482 | GENERAL RELATIVITY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | General introduction, tensor calculus; The principles of general relativity; The field equations of general relativity; General relativity from a variational principle; The energy-momentum tensor; The Schwarzchild solution; Experimental tests of general relativity. |

2300485 | STRING THEORY I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Review of special relativity and electromagnetism, relativistic point particle, relativistic strings, Nambu-Goto action, string parameterization and classical motion, world-sheet currents, light-cone gauge formulation of particles, fields and strins. Quantization of the relativistic point particle, open and closed strings in the light-cone gauge. Aspects of covariant quantization. |

2300486 | STRING THEORY II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | D-branes and gauge fields, string charge and D-branes charges, T-duality of closed and open strings on D-branes, non-linear and Born-Infeld electrodynamics, introduction to superstrings |

2300491 | GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY IN PHYSICS I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Vector spaces; algebras; topological spaces; simplicial homology; homotopy groups; differentiable manifolds; vectors and tensors; calculus of exterior forms; Stokes theorem; conservation laws and de Rham cohomology; parallel transport; connection and covariant derivative; geodesics; curvature and torsion. geometry of space-time. |

2300492 | GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY IN PHYSICS II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Lie groups on manifolds; Lie algebras; differential forms with values in a Lie algebra; fibre bundles; connection in a fibre bundle; curvature form. Gauge invariance; Maxwell and Yang-Mills equations; systems with spontaneous symmetry breakdown; Higgs mechanism; Hopf invariants; magnetic monopoles; characteristic classes; instantons. |

2300493 | SPECIAL FUNCTIONS FOR PHYSICISTS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Differential equations of physics and the method of separation of variables; Legendre polynomials; associated Legendre polynomials; Laguerre polynomials; Hermite polynomials; Bessel functions; Gauss hypergeometric functions; Sturm-Liouville theory. |

2300495 | GROUP THEORY IN PHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Basic group theory. Group representations. Discrete and continuous groups. Orthogonal, unitary groups. Lorentz and Poincare groups. Applications to quantum mechanics, solid state physics, atomic, nuclear and particle physics. |

2300500 | M.S. THESIS | 0 | 50 | 0 | 0 | Program of research leading to M.S. degree arranged between the student and a faculty member. Students register to this course in all semesters starting from the beginning of their second semester. M.S. ThesisePractice |

2300501 | STATISTICAL MECHANICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Elements of the classical and quantum statistics, the partition function, ideal Fermi gas, ideal Bose gas, Ising model and some applications of statistical mechanics. Master'sisePractice |

2300502 | ANALYTICAL MECHANICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Lagrange's equation, central force problem, Rigid body problem, small oscillations, Hamilton's equations, canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory, introduction to continuous systems and fields. Master'sisePractice |

2300503 | METHODS OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Functions of a complex variable, special functions of mathematical physics, partial differential equations. Master'sisePractice |

2300504 | METHODS OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Integral equations, Series, calculus of variations, Green's function, group theory and applications. Master'sisePractice |

2300505 | ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Electrostatics and magnetostatics; associated boundary-value problems and their solutions: introduction to Maxwell's equations and their simple consequences. Master'sisePractice |

2300506 | ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Diffraction radiation; introduction to special relativity and the covariant formulation; radiation from moving charges; multiple expansions; radiation reaction. Master'sisePractice |

2300507 | QUANTUM MECHANICS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Fundamental concepts; quantum dynamics; theory of angular momentum and central potential problems; Wigner-Eckart theorem and addition of angular momenta; symmetry in quantum mechanics; approximation methods for time-independent and time-dependent perturbations. Master'sisePractice |

2300508 | QUANTUM MECHANICS II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Systems of identical particles and second quantization; semiclassical and quantum theory of radiation; scattering theory; relativistic single-particle equations; Dirac equation and central potential problems. Master'sisePractice |

2300513 | GRAVITATION AND COSMOLOGY I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Spacetime manifold. Causal structure. Lorentzian metric. Tensors on manifolds. Orthonormal frame bundles. Connection and curvature. Einstein equations. Variational methods. Noether's theorem. Conservation laws. Schwarzchild geometry. Kruskal extension. Interior solutions. Formation of black holes. Black hole temperature and entropy. Charged rotating black holes. Gravitational waves. Master'sisePractice |

2300514 | GRAVITATION AND COSMOLOGY II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Homogeneity and isotropy of the universe. Maximally symmetric spaces. Bianchi types. Standard cosmological model. Observational cosmology: expansion of the universe. Dust filled and radiation filled universes. Inflationary models. Initial and final singularities (Big bang and big crunch). Chaotic mixmaster cosmology. Quantum cosmology. Wheeler-deWitt equation. Quantum field theory in curved spacetimes. Master'sisePractice |

2300515 | GROUP REPRESENTATIONS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Lie groups. Lie algebras. Symmetry groups of differential equations. Invariant forms on Lie groups. Ideals, solvability and nilpotency. Cartan subalgebras and root spaces. Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams. Classical Lie algebras. Representation theory. Tensor products. Enveloping algebras and Casimir operators. Physical applications. Master'sisePractice |

2300516 | THEORY OF SPINORS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Vector spaces and inner products. Algebra and their representations. Clifford calculus on manifolds. Spinor fields. Dirac equation. Covariances of the Dirac equation. Conversed currents. Master'sisePractice |

2300517 | NONLINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS AND SOLITONS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Integrable nonlinear partial differential equations such as the Korteweg-de Vries and the Nonlinear Schrodinger equations, Solitons, Hamiltonian systems, Inverse scattering transform technique, Lax pairs, Painleve analysis. Master'sisePractice |

2300518 | SIMULATIONS OF MANY-PARTICLE SYSTEMS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Computer simulation methods, empirical potential energy functions (PEFs), useful and practical relations for empirical PEFs, surface models of cubic crystals, some sampler computer programs and data, algorithms for thermostat in MD and MC simulations. Master'sisePractice |

2300523 | MOLECULAR PHYSICS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Introduction to molecular structure: Electronic, vibrational and rotational energies of molecules. Dipole transitions; electronic structure analysis of diatomic molecules, hybridization; general methods of molecular calculations; spectroscopic methods and spectroscopic analysis of small molecules. Master'sisePractice |

2300526 | PLASMA PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | Master'sisePractice | ||

2300527 | OPTOELECTRONICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Principles of quantum optics; optoelectronic materials; rare-earth-doped silica fiber lasers; cw performance of fiber optics; Q-switching of optical fiber lasers; digital optics; atmospheric and intersattelite optical communications; thermal imaging; ring laser gyro. Master'sisePractice |

2300531 | SOLID STATE THEORY I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Lattice vibrations (phonons), lattice Green s functions, local modes, electron energy bands, density of states calculations, optical properties of solids, transport properties. Master'sisePractice |

2300532 | SOLID STATE THEORY II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Energy band theory, localized states, surface states and adsorption, many-body techniques, superconductivity, magnetism. Master'sisePractice |

2300533 | THEORY OF MANY-PARTICLE SYSTEMS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Nonrelativistic many-particle systems, ground-state formalism, Green's function, Fermi systems, Bose systems, linear response and collective modes. Master'sisePractice |

2300535 | FUNDAMENTALS OF SILICON TECHNOLOGY I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Basic processes: oxidation, doping, silicon thin film growth (amorphous, polycrystalline, single- crystalline). Master'sisePractice |

2300536 | FUNDAMENTALS OF SILICON TECHNOLOGY II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Bipolar transistors, unipolar transistors; bipolar transistor theory, integrated circuit transistors, junction field effect transistors, surface field effect transistors, design considerations for unipolar transistors in integrated circuits, applications. Master'sisePractice |

2300537 | MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | The dia-and paramagnetic behavior of solids for static applied fields, the properties of ferro-magnetic, antiferromagnetic, ferrimagnetic solids; magnetic properties depending on the frequency of an alternating applied magnetic fields, the maser. Master'sisePractice |

2300539 | OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF SEMICONDUCTORS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Optical constant of solids, band structure of semiconductors, absorption processes in semiconductors, radiative recombination and photoconductivity in semiconductors. Master'sisePractice |

2300541 | QUANTUM FIELD THEORY I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Classical field theory. Canonical quantization of Klein-Gordon, Dirac and Maxwell fields. Interacting fields, perturbation theory and Feynman diagrams. Elementary processes of quantum electrodynamics. Radiative corrections. Divergences, regularization and renormalization. Master'sisePractice |

2300542 | QUANTUM FIELD THEORY II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Gauge field theories and functional integral formulation. Systematics of renormalization. Renormalization and symmetries. Renormalization group. Non-Abelian gauge theories and their quantization. Quantum chromodynamics. Anomalies. Gauge theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking. Master'sisePractice |

2300543 | ADVANCED PARTICLE PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Group theory, anomalies in gauge theories, Wilson operator expansion in gauge theories, current algebra, CVC and PCAC. Master'sisePractice |

2300545 | PARTICLE PHYSICS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Electromagnetism as a gauge theory; Klein-Gordon and Dirac wave equations; introduction to quantum field theory of bosons and fermions. Quantum electrodynamics: interactions of spin 0 particles and spin 1/2 particles, deep inelastic electron-nucleon scattering and the quark parton model. Master'sisePractice |

2300546 | PARTICLE PHYSICS II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Non-Abelian gauge theories; introduction to quantum chrodynamics, phenomenology of weak interactions; hadronic weak current and neutral currents; hidden gauge invariance; spontaneous symmetry breakdown; Hooft's gauges; Glashow-Salam-Weinberg gauge theory of electro-weak interactions; intermediate bosons; Higgs sector; grand unification; supersymmetry. Master'sisePractice |

2300547 | TECHNIQUES OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Design philosophy of high energy particle physics experiments, developments in accelerators and beam optics, neutrino beams, hybrid detector systems, scintillation counters, Cherenkov counters, wire chambers, drift chambers, emulsion chambers, calorimeters, spectrometers. On-line and off-line analysis techniques. Selected recent experimental set-ups at CERN, DESY, SLAC and FERMILAB. Master'sisePractice |

2300548 | SUPERSYMMETRY AND SUPERGRAVITY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Lie superalgebras. Superspace and superfields. Dynamics of spinning point particles. Spinning string dynamics. Wess-Zumino model. Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories. Simple supergravity theory. Extended supergravities. Master'sisePractice |

2300549 | GEOMETRY OF GAUGE FIELDS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Principal fibber bundles and connections. Curvature and G-valued differential forms. Particle fields and gauge invariant Lagrangians. Principle of least action and Yang-Mills field equations. Free Dirac electron fields. Interactions. Orthonormal frame bundle. Linear connections and Riemannian curvature. Unification of gauge fields and gravitation. Master'sisePractice |

2300551 | NUCLEAR PHYSICS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | General properties of the nucleus and the nuclear many-body problem, nuclear forces, static properties, nuclear matter, Hartre-Fock theory, nuclear shell model. Collective models of the nucleus, deformed nuclei, nuclear rotations. Particle hole states and pairing in nuclei. Master'sisePractice |

2300552 | NUCLEAR PHYSICS II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Electromagnetic and weak interactions with nuclei; electron scattering, beta decay, muon capture, neutrino reactions, weak neutral current effects. Hadronic interactions; pion-nucleus interaction, optical potential, nuclear reactions, heavy ion collisions. Master'sisePractice |

2300557 | INTRODUCTION TO NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | General features of nanoscience and nanotechnology, experimental techniques for characterization of nanosystems, fabrications of nanosystems, atomistic simulations of nanosystems, methods of quantum calculations for nanosystems, types of nanoscale materials and their properties, physics of atomic and molecular clusters and nanoparticles, carbon Nanostructures, applications of nanotechnology. Master'sisePractice |

2300561 | MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Derivation of fluid and MHD equations; hydrostatic equilibrium and hydromagnetic stability; MHD instabilities; hydrodynamic waves; current topics. Master'sisePractice |

2300562 | PLASMA PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | The basic equations and conservation laws; first order orbit theory; adiabatic invariants; ideal MHD model; plasma equilibrium and stability; energy principle; plasma waves; waves-particle interaction; wave-wave interaction; weak turbulence theory. Master'sisePractice |

2300563 | SOLAR AND PLANETARY PLASMA PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Kinetic properties of coronal gas; hydrostatic properties of coronal atmosphere; extension of the solar wind into space; interplanetary magnetic fields; interplanetary irregularities; propagation of energetic solar particles; pulsars. Master'sisePractice |

2300564 | FUNDAMENTALS OF FUSION PLASMA SYSTEMS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Energy alternative thermonuclear fusion; inertial and magnetic confinement systems; Tokomak, stellorators and mirror machines; plasma focus and pinches; alternative magnetic confinement systems; Laser fusion systems; concept of fusion reactors; formation and heating of a plasma. Master'sisePractice |

2300569 | APPLICATIONS OF PLASMA PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Basic plasma parameters; plasma production and plasma diagnostics; plasma waves and instabilities; space plasma physics and plasma astrophysics; physics of plasma propulsion; thermonuclear fusion; industrial plasma applications. Master'sisePractice |

2300573 | PHYSICS OF SOLAR ENERGY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Solar thermal properties, solar materials, alternative energy sources. Master'sisePractice |

2300577 | X-RAY DIFFRACTION AND ULTRASONICS I | 3 | 8 | 2 | 2 | Production and properties of x-rays; absorption and scattering of x-rays; geometry of crystals; theory of x-ray diffraction; structure factors; experimental diffraction methods; space group and structure determination; ultrasonic wave propagation in solids, elasticity in crystals, determination of elastic wave velocities and the elastic module Master'sisePractice |

2300578 | X-RAY DIFFRACTION AND ULTRASONICS II | 3 | 8 | 2 | 2 | Various applications of x-ray diffraction methods; determination of unknowns, precise parameter measurements; orientation of single crystals; x-ray fluorescence and chemical analysis; x-ray effects due to phase transformations; x-ray scattering due to amorphous and disordered matter; high pressure x-ray diffraction methods; neutron and electron diffraction ultrasonic pulse echo methods and sound velocity measurements. Master'sisePractice |

2300583 | NEUTRINO PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | This course covers the phenomenological and experimental aspects of neutrino physics. The topics include the history of neutrino physics, neutrinos in the Standard Model, neutrino mass, neutrino interaction, neutrino mixing, neutrino oscillations, Solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos neutrino oscillations experiments, supernova and relic neutrinos and direct measurement of neutrino masses. Master'sisePractice |

2300584 | INTRODUCTION TO SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY (SPM) | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Principles of tunneling phenomena & Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) Theory, scanning mechanisms: piezoelectric and coil, course approach, vibration isolation, data acquisition, feedback control: analog, digital, feed forward etc., Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM): theory, force detection methods in AFM, contact mode AFM, tapping mode AFM, non-contact mode operation of AFM & true atomic resolution, atomic manipulation, nanolithography, fast SPMs, SPM in liquids, operation in extreme environments, other SPM methods: MFM, SHPM, EFM, NSOM etc. Master'sisePractice |

2300585 | COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN PLASMA PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 2 | 2 | Analysis of different fluid methods of computational plasma physics with application to space, laboratory, and industrial plasmas. The applicability of the models, their theoretical foundations, and methods of numerical solution are considered. Computational experiments on the basis of the Matlab/Octave and COSMOL Multiphysics models are carried out in computer class. Topics include finite volume, finite difference, and finite element methods, applied to the problems related to plasma phenomena. Master'sisePractice |

2300586 | INTRODUCTION TO NANOOPTICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Optical properties of nanoscale matter, far-field imaging techniques, scanning near-field imaging techniques, field enhancement at conducting surfaces, metal nanoparticles, localized surface plasmons, plasmon polaritons, plexitons, surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy, tip-assisted optical spectroscopy and microscopy, Förster resonant energy transfer, plasmonic solar cells, single molecule optics, metamaterials and nanophotonics, optical antennae, Fano resonance, nonlinear plasmonics. Master'sisePractice |

2300591 | SEMINAR IN PHYSICS | 0 | 10 | 2 | 0 | Students prepare and present a progress report or literature review on their thesis topic. The course is normally taken by students in their third semester. SeminarisePractice |

2300599 | RESEARCH METHODS AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN PHYSICS | 0 | 10 | 0 | 1 | Discussion of research methods and various ethical issues facing practicing physicist when obtaining, recording and analyzing data; publishing research results; collaborating with other scientist; interacting with society. Historical and sample case studies; N-ray affair; cold fusion affair. EthicssisePractice |

2300704 | PHENOMENOLOGY OF QUARKS AND LEPTONS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300705 | STELLAR OSCILLATIONS&STABILITY PROBLEMS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | - Master'sisePractice |

2300709 | NUM.SIM.METH.IN CRYSTAL GROWTH FROM MELT | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | - Master'sisePractice |

2300710 | QUANTUM COMPUTATION | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | - Master'sisePractice |

2300715 | PARTICLE DATA ANALY.IN HIGH ENERGY PHYS. | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | - Master'sisePractice |

2300716 | MAGNETIC CONFINEMENT DEVICES OF PLASMA | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | - Master'sisePractice |

2300718 | COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES IN PHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | DoctoralisePractice |

2300719 | SILICON BASED LARGE AREA ELECTRONICS I | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | DoctoralisePractice |

2300722 | SILICON BASED LARGE AREA ELECT. II | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300723 | NONLINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS AND SOLITONS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300724 | ADVANCED HIGH ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300725 | FUNDAMENTALS OF INTER.AND THIN FILM ANA | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | FUNDAMENTALS OF INTER.AND THIN FILM ANA Master'sisePractice |

2300726 | OPT.PROPER.OF SEMIN.HETEROJ.AND NANOC. | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300728 | ELECTROMAG.WAVES AND ELECTRO-OPTICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | ELECTROMAG.WAVES AND ELECTRO-OPTICS Master'sisePractice |

2300730 | HIGGS BOSON THEORY AND PHENOMENOLOGY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300735 | INTRODUCTION TO NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | DoctoralisePractice |

2300736 | EFFECTIVE FIELD THEORIES IN HEP | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Effective Theory Concept, Standard Model, Renormalization, Effective Theory of Weak Interactions, Chiral Perturbation Theory DoctoralisePractice |

2300737 | TOPICS IN QUANTUM INFORMATION THEORY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Quantum Communication. Quantum Computation: quantum gates and circuits, quantum algorithms. Quantum error correction. Physical implementations. Master'sisePractice |

2300738 | OPTICAL SYSTEM DESIGN | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Review of basic principles of optics, functions of parallel plates, mirrors, lenses and prisms in optical systems. Design and diagnosis of an optical system, minimization of aberrations, computer aided design applications. Master'sisePractice |

2300741 | COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE I | 3 | 8 | 2 | 2 | Introduction to computational methods in modern solid state physics and materials science. Ground state density functional theory and classical/ab initio molecular dynamics. Solid-state theory based approach with and emphasis on the calculation of basic materials properties from an atomistic point of view. Theoretical background supplemented by exercises in the laboratory. DoctoralisePractice |

2300743 | COMPUTATIONAL SYMMETRY IN SOLID STATE | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Master'sisePractice |

2300745 | SPECTROSCOPY IN X-RAY AND GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Satellite missions in X-rays and Gamma-rays, data processing, detector descriptions. Theory of spectroscopy and analysis spectroscopic data from several satellite missions. Identification of lines and characteristics of space plasma in different astrophysical sources. Master'sisePractice |

2300749 | SPIN RESONANCE | 3 | 8 | 2 | 2 | Fundamentals of magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Electron spin resonance (ESR). Magnetic properties of materials.Spin dynamics. Bloch Equations. Longitudinal and transverse relaxation. Principles of time domain spectroscopy: Quadrature detection, Phase Cycling, Spin echo. MW and RF pulses. Advanced pulsed ESR experiments: ESEEM, HYSCORE, ENDOR. Resonators. Electronic structure determination. Simulation with spin-Hamiltonian formalism. Calculation of ESR parameters with DFT. Applications for transition metal complexes, catalysts, organic radicals, metalloenzymes, proteins, thin film solar cells, perovskites, nanomaterials, quantum computing (coherence time for qubits). Master'sisePractice |

2300750 | MODIFIED THEORIES OF GRAVITY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Principles of Einsteins gravity theory, massive gravity, higher order derivative gravity theories, perturbation methods in modified GR theories, vacua of modified GR theories, scattering amplitudes in higher order derivative gravity, Born-Infeld (BI) type gravity theories, unitarity of BI theories. DoctoralisePractice |

2300751 | INTRODUCTION TO NANOOPTICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Optical properties of nanoscale matter, far-field imaging techniques, scanning near-filed imaging techniques, field enhancement at conducting surfaces, metal nanoparticles, localized surface plasmons, plasmon polaritons, plexitons, surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy, tip-assisted optical spectroscopy and microscopy, Förster resonant energy transfer, plasmonic solar cells, single molecule optics, metamaterials and nano photonics, optical antennae, Fano resonance, nonlinear plasmonics. Master'sisePractice |

2300752 | PHOTONICS LIGHT - MATTER INTERACTIONS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Classical theory of absorption and dispersion, elementary quantum theory of light-matter interactions, rate equations, absorption, transition dipole moment, local density of states, spontaneous emission, stimulated emission, line shape functions, broadening mechanisms (collision, Doppler, lifetime), analysis of 2-, 3-, 4-, level systems, optimal amplification, gain and saturation. Gaussian optics: Derivation of Gaussian electromagnetic beams, application of matrix transformation to Gaussian beams, and beam characterization, introduction to basic Fourier optics: Optical resonators and cavities: resonant modes and frequencies of an optical resonator. Introduction to nonlinear optics. Master'sisePractice |

2300753 | QUANTUM FIELD THEORIES ON FUZZY SPACES | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Geometry of Moyal-Weyl spaces, star products and their uses in quantum physics. Description of fuzzy spaces and their properties. Scalar, spinor, gauge field theories and topologically nontrivial configurations over fuzzy spaces.Fuzzy spaces as extra dimensions in gauge theories. Matrix models in string and M-theory and their fuzzy vacua. Master'sisePractice |

2300754 | QUANTUM OPTICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Quantization of the electromagnetic field, coherent states, squeezed states, Glaubers optical coherence measures, atom-field interaction, two-level atoms, Rabi model, Jaynes Cummings model and cavity-QED, three-level atoms, electromagnetically-induced transparency. Master'sisePractice |

2300755 | QUANTUM MATTER AND MANY-BODY THEORY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Quantum statistics, classical and quantum fields, second quantization, Bose and Fermi Hubbard models, Electron gas and Landau-Fermi liquid theory, Feynman path integral and Functional integral formalism, Phase transitions and spontaneous symmetry breaking, Bose-Einstein condensates, Superconductivity, Magnetism and quantum spin models. Master'sisePractice |

2300771 | FUNDAMENTALS OF PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | A theoretical course on plasma diagnostics, describing experiments to study plasma diagnostics and instrumentation. Basic approach to invasive and non-invasive diagnostic in general, physics probes, plasma emission and radiation probes, fusion grade plasma diagnostic, laser spectroscopy, particle beam diagnostics, analysis of active and passive diagnostic data, fluctuation analysis. Master'sisePractice |

2300799 | ORIENTATION GRADUATE SEMINARS | 0 | 10 | 2 | 0 | SeminarisePractice |

8640200 | INTRODUCTORY ASTRONOMY | 3 | 4 | 0 | 3 | Scales in the universe, general view of history of astronomy, universal gravitation, Kepler,s Law, properties of light, tools of astronomy, Solar System, planets, moons, minor bodies of the solar system, The Sun, formation and evolution of stars, exploding stars, Milkyway, other galaxies, cosmology. Undergraduate |

8640201 | ASTRONOMY I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Solar System; sun and planets; astronomical coordinates; Keplers Law, properties of light; Tools and Astronomy. Undergraduate |

8640202 | ASTRONOMY II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Basic concepts in astronomy; parallax method; brightness classification; color-magnitude relations; binary stars; internal structure of stars; evolution of stars; unusual stars; interstellar matter; galaxies universe. Undergraduate |

8640301 | SOLAR SYSTEM ASTRONOMY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Fundamental concepts; size of the solar system and its place in the galaxy; measurements, units, reference frames; historical background; the sun; the earth-moon system; the planets and their satellites; other members of the solar system. Undergraduate |

8640311 | MODERN ASTROPHYSICS I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | The language of astrophysics: the ideal-gas law, black-body radiation, and stellar spectra. stellar evolution: pre-main sequence, main sequence, post-main sequence and final configurations of matter. Undergraduate |

8640312 | MODERN ASTROPHYSICS II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Newtonian Gravity, The Geometry of the Universe, Simple Cosmological Models, Cosmological Constant, The age of the Universe, The Density of the Universe and Dark Matter, The Cosmic Background Radiation, The Inflationary Universe, General Relativistic Cosmology, Baryogenesis, Nucleosynthesis, Structures in the Universe. Undergraduate |

8640321 | STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Newton,s Law of Gravitation & Keplerian Motion, Binary Stellar Systems, Blackbody Radiation and General Radiation Laws, Discrete Spectra of stars and Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram, Doppler Effect, Spectral Classification of stars, Boltzmann and Saha Equations, Stellar Atmospheres (Stellar Opacity, Eddington Approximation), Radiative Transfer Equations and Einstein Relations, Internal Structure of stars (Hydrostatic Equilibrium), Energy Production in stars (Kelvin-Helmholtz Mechanism, Thermonuclear Reactions, Neutrinos) and Energy Transport, Stellar Evolution in Sun-like, Low-mass, and High-mass stars (Birth inside Interstellar Clouds mentioning Jean,s Limit and Death of stars), Supernova Explosions, Remnants of stars: Supernova Remnants and Compact Objects (Brown Dwarfs, White Dwarfs with an explanation to Nova Explosions, Neutron Stars, Black Holes), Binary Systems of Compact Objects mentioning the Gravitational Wave Detection of Compact Binaries. Undergraduate |

8640322 | HIGH ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Supernova explosions; Gamma-ray bursts; Dead stars; Supernova remnants;Pulsar wind nebulae; White dwarfs; Neutron stars; Black holes; Electromagnetic counterparts of gravitational; Gravitational waves; Gas dynamic; Radiative processes Undergraduate |

8640401 | ASTROPHYSICS I | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Observational aspects of astrophysics; stellar magnitudes and stellar colors; stellar spectra; temperature estimates for stars; radiative transfer in stellar atmosphere; convective energy transport; depth dependence of source function; theoretical temperature stratification; continuous absorption coefficient; pressure stratification; hydrostatic equilibrium equation. Undergraduate |

8640402 | ASTROPHYSICS II | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Aspects of observational astronomy: distance, brightness, magnitude, spectrum analysis; overview of stellar structure and evolution: time scales, equation of state, viral theorem; thermodynamics of gaseous systems; static stellar structure equations; nuclear energy sources; phases of stellar evolution: fully convective stars, main sequence, evolution away from the main sequence; solar neutrinos. Undergraduate |

8640404 | INTRODUCTION TO COSMOLOGY | 3 | 5 | 0 | 3 | Universe at large scale, NeMonian gravity; Simplified general relativity for cosmology, Friedmann equation, Cosmological dynamics, Model Universes,The parameters of the dynamical evolution of the universe, Dark matter, evidence and alternatives, The cosmic microwave bachground, Big bang nucleosynthesis, Processes in the early universe, Inflation and the very early universe, Structure formation. Undergraduate |

8640406 | ASTRONOMY SEMINAR II | 2 | 4 | 0 | 2 | Discussion of current topics in astronomy.Prerequisite: Consent of the Department Undergraduate |

8640501 | ADVANCED ASTROPHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Basic astronomy and astrophysics are discussed from an advanced viewpoint. Master'suate |

8640505 | STELLAR ATMOSPHERES | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Radiative equilibrium and the energy transfer equation; solution of the equation of transfer; the opacity of stellar material; model stellar atmospheres; the theory of line formation; application of line contour theory; curves of growth. Master'suate |

8640507 | STELLAR INTERIORS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | The viral theorem and some consequences; equilibrium of a star; energy transfer mechanisms in star; equation of state for stellar material; nuclear reactions in stellar interiors; polytopic gas spheres; stability of convection; structure of white dwarfs. Master'suate |

8640515 | GALACTIC AND INTERGALACTIC ASTRONOMY | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Interstellar space; galactic structure; rotation of the Galaxy; neutral hydrogen distribution; magnetic field in the galaxy; intergalactic space; clustering of galaxies; structure of the observable universe. Master'suate |

8640516 | HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Cosmic ray data; detection of relativistic particles; supernovae, pulsars, quasars, and X-ray sources; particle and photon interaction of astrophysical significance. Master'suate |

8640517 | ASTRON. INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Discussion of observational techniques in astronomy and astrophysics; review of modern instruments and interpretation of related data. Master'suate |

8640518 | ASTROPHYSICAL DATA ANALYSIS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Topics will cover recent and ongoing satellite missions in X-ray and Gamma-ray wavelenghts; detailed knowledge of the detectors onboard and data structure; analysis of satellite data with emphasis on spectral and timing analysis of astrophysical point sources. Master'suate |

8640519 | SPECTROSCOPIC ASTROPHYSICS | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Discussion of techniques for gathering and interpreting spectroscopic data in astrophysics. Master'suate |

8640521 | PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CLOSE BINARY SYS. | 3 | 8 | 0 | 3 | Observational properties of close binary systems; the light, radial velocity and period changes of close binary systems; the circumstellar matter; the mass transfer and mass loss in close binaries; origin and evolution of close binaries. Master'suate |